About Mission San Juan Capistrano
Mission San Juan Capistrano was founded in 1786 and is the 7th of 21 missions in California. The purpose of the mission was to expand the colonizing boundaries of Spain and to spread Christianity to the Indigenous Peoples. The missions were at the forefront of assimilation and forcing the Indigenous Peoples into Catholicism. The objection was to transform them into self-sustaining Spanish subjects of the colonial order.
Each mission had a presidio which was to protect the Spaniards from any hostile Natives or invasion from the Russians or other European powers.
The mission was crippling to the Indigenous Acjachemen who could not handle the diseases the Europeans brought over such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, measles, and syphilis. Those that did not die or fight back, succumbed to the missionary lifestyle.
Joining the mission meant the Acjachemen had to abandon their old lives and completely transform themselves. They were required to change their culture, language, religion, work, clothing, food, and even their daily schedule.
Today, it is a monument to California’s multi-cultural history, embracing its Indigenous, Spanish, Mexican and European heritage.